Theoretical basis for classical methods of motor rehabilitation in neurology

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Authors review the milestones of the historical formation of various theories of motor control, from the reflex to the system model. These theories form the basis forь the methods and approaches of motor rehabilitation of patients with neurological diseases and injuries. The task-oriented approach, based on systemic theories of motor control, is now generally accepted. One of its main fundamentals is the dependence of movement on parameters and conditions of the motor under performance.

Rehabilitation methods and approaches presented in this paper are not mutually exclusive, but supportive. This is the reason why the study of effectiveness of a particular rehabilitation method does not always yield valuable results. Various rehabilitation methods and approaches should be combined in the treatment of neurological patients. Moreover, relative contribution of individual methods into the rehabilitation of each patient may vary depending on the safety of his or her motor functions and many other factors that are to be taken into account when planning rehabilitative activities.

About the authors

Ksenia I. Ustinova

Central Michigan University

United States, Mount Pleasant

Lyudmila A. Chernikova

Reseach Center of Neurology

Author for correspondence.
Russian Federation, Moscow

Anastasia E. Khizhnikova

Research Center of Neurology

Russian Federation, Moscow

Alexandra G. Poydasheva

Research Center of Neurology

ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1841-1177

junior researcher, neurologist, Department of neurorehabilitation and physiotherapy

Russian Federation, Moscow

Natalia A. Suponeva

Research Center of Neurology

Russian Federation, Moscow

Mikhail A. Piradov

Research Center of Neurology

ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6338-0392

D. Sci. (Med.), Professor, Full Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Director

Russian Federation, Moscow


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Copyright (c) 2018 Ustinova K.I., Chernikova L.A., Khizhnikova A.E., Poydasheva A.G., Suponeva N.A., Piradov M.A.

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