Giftedness and cytoarchitecture of the prefrontal cortex of the outstanding scientist and physiologist I.P. Pavlov

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the cytoarchitecture of area 10 in the frontal lobe of I.P. Pavlov, an outstanding scientist, physiologist, and Nobel Prize winner.

Materials and methods. We studied the cortical cytoarchitecture of area 10 in the brain's frontal region belonging to the scientist and physiologist I. P. Pavlov (aged 86 years), compared with similar brain cortices of 4 elderly males (75–90 years). Modern morphometric methods were used, on the basal surface of each cerebral hemisphere, to study the cortical thickness of area 10, thickness of the associated layer III, area of the specialized neural field in this layer, the number density of contained neurons, total glial cells, satellite glial cells, and the neurons surrounded by them.

Results. It was found that area 10 of the cerebral cortex of I.P. Pavlov is characterized by good preservation, pronounced radial striation, and significant asymmetry of the macroscopic and cytoarchitectural structure. Compared with ordinary men, area 10 of I.P. Pavlov’s brain has a significantly thicker cortex and associative layer III, as well as a higher proportion of large neurons, number density of neurons, total glial cells, satellite glial cells, and neurons surrounded by them.

For citation: Piradov M.A., Illarioshkin S.N., Bogolepova I.N., Malofeeva L.I., Agapov P.A., Malofeeva I.G. [Giftedness and cytoarchitecture of the prefrontal cortex of the outstanding scientist and physiologist I.P. Pavlov]. Annals of clinical and experimental neurology. 2021; 15(1): 59–64. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.25692/ACEN.2021.1.7

About the authors

Mikhail A. Piradov

Research Center of Neurology, Moscow

Author for correspondence.
Email: platonova@neurology.ru
Russian Federation

Sergey N. Illarioshkin

Research Center of Neurology, Moscow

Email: platonova@neurology.ru
Russian Federation

Irina N. Bogolepova

Research Center of Neurology, Moscow

Email: platonova@neurology.ru
Russian Federation

Lydia I. Malofeeva

Research Center of Neurology, Moscow

Email: platonova@neurology.ru
Russian Federation

Pavel A. Agapov

Research Center of Neurology, Moscow

Email: platonova@neurology.ru
Russian Federation

Irina G. Malofeeva

Research Center of Neurology, Moscow

Email: platonova@neurology.ru
Russian Federation

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Copyright (c) 2021 Piradov M.A., Illarioshkin S.N., Bogolepova I.N., Malofeeva L.I., Agapov P.A., Malofeeva I.G.

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