Mirror visual feedback – mirror therapy in neurorehabilitation

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Mirror is a well-established tool in the movement rehabilitation, providing real-time visual feedback to assist in the retraining. However, mirror visual feedback may be used also in therapy in its own right. The “mirror therapy” (MT) is a method based on creating artificial visual feedback. MT was proposed for treating pain syndrome, such as phantom pain and complex regional pain syndrome of type 1 and 2, as well as for motor rehabilitation in stroke patients with hemiparesis and in patients after arm surgery. The main principle of MT is thought to be restoration of damaged feedback from ill/amputated limb. One of possible mechanisms of MT is activation of “mirror neurons”, acting both during execution and observation of action. Clear advantages of MT are its simplicity, availability and, most importantly, its patient-directed character.


About the authors

M. A. Nazarova

Research Center of Neurology Russian Academy of Medical Science (Moscow)

Author for correspondence.
Email: platonova@neurology.ru
Russian Federation

M. A. Piradov

Research Center of Neurology Russian Academy of Medical Science (Moscow)

Email: platonova@neurology.ru
Russian Federation

L. A. Chernikova

Research Center of Neurology Russian Academy of Medical Science (Moscow)

Email: platonova@neurology.ru
Russian Federation


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