Ischemic stroke and inherited thrombophilias

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Abstract

In this review the impact of the most common thrombophilias on the risk of ischemic stroke and atherothrombosis is thoroughly analyzed. The functional role of different β-fibrinogen genotypes was reviewed and their correlations with ischemic cerebrovascular diseases, brachiocephalic artery atherosclerosis and arterial hypertension are evaluated. In addition, associations of stroke with key genetic factors such as the Leyden mutation (factor V), mutations in the genes of prothrombin, PAI-1 (plasminogen activator inhibitor), glycoprotein IIIa, etc. are assessed. Results of the authors’ own works on the occurrence of various inherited thrombophilias in a group of 43 patients with ischemic stroke of undefined origin are presented.

About the authors

Natalya V. Pizova

Yaroslavl' State Medical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: center@test.ru
Russian Federation

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