Adult-onset leukoencephalopathy with vanishing white matter

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Abstract

Leukoencephalopathy with vanishing white matter (LEVWM) is one of the most common hereditary leukoencephalopathies with characteristic MRI picture of diffuse white matter lesions with cystic degeneration. The disease is associated with EIF2B1-5 genes, encoding five subunits of EIF2B translation initiation factor. There are infantile, children’s (the most frequent one), and adult-onset forms. Adult-onset LE-VWM accounts for 15—20% of all cases and is characterized by significant clinical variability. In addition to neurological and cognitive disorders, this disease is characterized by ovarian failure. The review presents the clinical and molecular genetic aspects of adult-onset LE-VWM.

About the authors

G. E. Rudenskaya

Medical and Genetic Research Center, Moscow, Russian Federation, Moskvorech’e str. 1

Author for correspondence.
Email: platonova@neurology.ru
Russian Federation

E. Yu. Zakharova

Medical and Genetic Research Center, Moscow, Russian Federation, Moskvorech’e str. 1

Email: platonova@neurology.ru
Russian Federation

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Copyright (c) 2016 Rudenskaya G.E., Zakharova E.Y.

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